Most would make a similar list: X-rays, for both diagnosis and treatment; antibiotics, which have largely eradicated bacterial disease; cell culture, which led to the polio vaccine; noninvasive imaging, especially Magnetic Resonance Imaging, or MRI, for early detection of cancer and other conditions; genetic engineering, which is the basis of most new medicines; the list could go on.

“Patients do not put their trust in machines or devices. They put their trust in you. You have already spent years studying, training, doing research and seeing patients. And you likely have many more years of education before you.

But please remember that the more skilled you become, the more specialized you become, and the more dependent on technology you become — the easier it becomes to lose your humanity, forget your compassion, and ignore your instincts.

I have one last piece of advice: Never, ever lose your moral compass.”